Welding is truly an art. Unfortunately, it’s also not easy to learn. With that being said, it’s not impossible either. Once you learn to weld, you’ll be able to complete amazing welding projects and turn steel into a canvas.
Don’t you wish someone would create a cheat sheet with the basics of welding for beginners? Because we want to help you learn how to weld, we thought we would devise a brief guide on welding for beginners with the most important things you should be aware of as a beginner welder.
Tips on Welding for Beginners: The Basics
Decide on the Welding Method
There isn’t just one welding method out there, which means you’re going to have to choose the appropriate one for the project you want to complete. Electric arc welding is definitely the most popular option, more precisely metal inert gas (MIG) welding. This is also the easiest method to learn, which is great news for a beginner. Two other popular methods are the flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) one, which is especially effective outdoors, and stick welding (SMAW).
Browse Some Welding Kits for Beginners
After deciding on the welding method, the next step involves creating your own welding kit, so buying the equipment you need. Naturally, the most important piece of equipment is the welder, which is why we advise you to invest in it. Two great options would be the Millermatic 141 and the Lincoln Electric Power MIG 210.
Next, you’re going to need some welding wire (which doesn’t cost a lot), shielding gas, a welding cart for portability, an angle grinder, a pair of welding pliers, a carbide scribe, some miter clamps, a wire brush and a chipping hammer, and an auto-darkening helmet to protect you from the light coming from the welding process.
Prepare for the Welding Process
With this step, we’re getting closer and closer to the process of welding. Before you do that, you have to make sure everything is ready and at hand. For example, the metal you want to weld should be free of any dirt and oil. Moreover, if you also need to cut it, you’re going to have to mark the spot. Then, the edges you’re going to weld have to be grinded, so that you can easily add the filler metal. Finally, make sure the metal pieces you have to weld are secured in their respective places with a miter clamp. After you’ve put on the helmet, some leather gloves, a welding jacket (or a cotton work shirt), and some work boots, you’re ready to start welding.
Whenever you’re welding, you have to move as little as possible. If you wish, imagine playing golf. Your motions have to be fluid, and you should use both hands to hold the machine. Just to make sure you’re going to do it right, do a test run without turning on the welder. After making sure the tip of the welder is clean, connect the metals along the joint with a couple of tack welds. Once you’ve done that, you can slowly add the last weld beads while keeping the length of the arc constant.
Extra Steps and Welding Projects for Beginners
Depending on whether you want your weld to look perfect or not, you can grind it and provide it with a smooth finish or leave it as it is. Remember that while grinding, blue sparks mean you’re pressing too hard and orange ones mean you’re doing a great job. A couple of cool welding projects for beginners we want to recommend are: a doorbell made of scrap steel, a fire pit, a metal trellis, a pencil holder, and a flower made of metal spoons.
We hope today’s welding for beginners guide has provided you with the inspiration you needed to start welding.
Even if you eventually want to learn to weld auto body panels, just remember that practice makes perfect.
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